PHP internationalization with gettext

2013-07-19 2018-04-22 12:30:18 PHP,Internationalization,i18n,Locale,gettext,EN

Overview

Installation on Debian/Ubuntu Linux

You must install the Package gettext, which comes as a meta-package and contains a bundle of commands (at this point it is similiar to imagemagick; one package, several commands).

Install gettext

$ sudo apt-get install gettext

Install PHP internationalization Extension

You need to install the internationalization Extension for PHP. Following the Syntax php{Version}-intl, the command to install the extension for PHP5 is:

$ sudo apt-get install php5-intl

Problems running gettext

If you run into trouble using gettext you may need to install the Library libcurl, too.

$ sudo apt-get install libicu52

If libicu52 is not available on your system (e.g.: > Ubuntu 14.04 LTS), you can install manually (64bit system):

$ wget http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/i/icu/libicu52_52.1-8ubuntu0.2_amd64.deb; sudo dpkg -i libicu52_52.1-8ubuntu0.2_amd64.deb

You need to name the Place of Translationtables. That is the place where your Translationfolders reside. You can either do this inside the function (see bindtextdomain($sDomain, 'PATH_TO_MY_LANGUAGES_FOLDER');) or do it outside by defining the appropriate constant, e.g.:

define('PATH_TO_MY_LANGUAGES_FOLDER', '/var/www/App/languages');

The Translationtables itself must hold the official structure, e.g.: php gettext translation-files structure


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